Sunburn results from too much sun or sun-equivalent exposure. Almost everyone has been sunburned or will become sunburned at some time. Anyone who visits a beach, goes fishing, works in the yard, or simply is out in the sun can get sunburned. Sunburn is possible any time of the year, but is more common in the summer months when the sun's rays are the strongest. Although sunburn is seldom fatal, severe sunburn or sun poisoning can be disabling and cause quite a bit of discomfort.
Ultraviolet light causes the production of free radicals (highly reactive chemicals) in the skin and this damage the surrounding tissues leading to signs of premature ageing. Free radicals can be controlled with the antioxidant nutrition vit C, E, beta carotene and selenium.
Diet and lifestyle:
Drink adequate amount of water. It is definitely best to avoid any risk of even mild sunburn. There is evidence that the occasional "accident" increase the risk of melanomic (cancer) more than constant, careful exposure. Don’t spend any longer in the sun than you would without sunscreen. Sunscreen should not be used as an excuse to stay out in the sun.
What should I do if someone has signs of heat exhaustion?
Get them to rest in a cool place, ideally a room with air conditioning. Give them plenty of water. Avoid alcohol or caffeine as this can increase levels of dehydration. Cool their skin with cold water. Use a shower or cold bath to cool them down or, if this is not possible, wet flannels and face cloths in water and apply to their skin. Loosen any unnecessary clothing and make sure that the person gets plenty of ventilation. Monitor their condition closely.
Useful Homeopathic remedies:
Following homeopathic remedies are effective in sunburn & sunstroke conditions:
Sol, Glonine, Gelsemium, Belladonna, Aconite, Nat-mur, Calendula Gel, Urtica Urens, Cantharis, Opium.